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45 House Plants That Can Be Water Propagated (With Pictures)

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You can increase the number of plants in your home quickly and affordably by propagating them, either by seed propagation (sexual) or using vegetative propagation techniques (asexual).

Although many plants have easy-to-collect seeds, this is not always the most efficient or rapid approach to propagating plants. Plant chimera can lose their mutant trait if propagated from root cuttings or seeds, and folial and stem propagation is the safest way to prevent reversion.

Table Of Contents
  1. Vegetative Propagation 101
  2. Vegetative Propagation Methods
  3. Types of Stem Cuttings for Propagation
  4. 45 House Plants That Can Be Water Propagated
  5. 1. Aluminum Plant (Pilea cadierei)
  6. 2. Amazon Blue (Achetaria azurea)  
  7. 3. American Rubber Plant (Peperomia obtusifolia)
  8. 4. Angel’s Trumpet (Brugmansia)
  9. 5. Baby Jade (Crassula ovata)
  10. 6. Cape Jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides ‘Jubilation’)
  11. 7. Carnation (Dianthus)
  12. 8. Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema commutatum)
  13. 9. Coleus (Coleus scutellarioides)
  14. 10. Copperleaf (Acalypha)
  15. 11. Desert Rose (Adenium)
  16. 12. Dwarf Umbrella Tree (Heptapleurum arboricola)
  17. 13. English Ivy (Hedera helix)
  18. 14. Exotica (Dieffenbachia amoena)
  19. 15. Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)
  20. 16. Firecracker (Hylotelephiem ‘firecracker’)
  21. 17. Fushcia (Fuchsia x hybrida)
  22. 18. Hurricane Plant (Monstera deliciosa)
  23. 19. Inch Plant (Tradescantia zebrina)
  24. 20. Italian Clematis (Clematis viticella)
  25. 21. Jewel Plant (Fittonia albivenis)
  26. 22. Lipstick Plant (Aeschynanthus humilis)
  27. 23. Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana)
  28. 24. Maple Leaf Begonia (Begonia cleopatrae)
  29. 25. Mexican Rosettes (Echeveria)
  30. 26. Meyer Lemon (Citrus x limon ‘Meyer’)
  31. 27. Orchid Cactus (Disocactus ackermannii)
  32. 28. Parlor Maple (Abutilon x hybridum)
  33. 29. Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)
  34. 30. Polka Dot Plant (Hypoestes phyllostachya)
  35. 31. Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)
  36. 32. Purple Passion Vine (Gynura aurantiaca)
  37. 33. Silver Dollar (Crassula arborescens)
  38. 34. Snake Plant (Dracaena trifasciata)
  39. 35. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)
  40. 36. String of Bananas (Curio radicans)
  41. 37. String Of Hearts (Ceropegia linearis subsp. woodii)
  42. 38. String Of Nickels (Dischidia nummularia)
  43. 39. String of Pearls (Curio rowleyanus)
  44. 40. String of Stars (Euphorbia guiengola)
  45. 41. String Of Watermelons (Curio Herreianus)
  46. 42. Sweetheart Plant (Philodendron hederaceum)
  47. 43. Tail Flower (Anthurium scherzerianum)
  48. 44. Tree Houseleek (Aeonium)
  49. 45. Wax Plant (Hoya linearis)
  50. Summary of Indoor Plants That Can be Propagated in Water

Vegetative propagation, which uses the parent plant’s stem, root, node, bud, or leaf cutting to create a new plant, produces a direct replica of the parent plant. Vegetative propagation also typically results in the new plant growing quickly.

If you want more information on seed propagation, check out my Do Seeds Need Light or Dark to Germinate? Article.

Vegetative Propagation 101

Starting with plants free of illness, insects, and stress and using sterile media and clean, sharp equipment will increase your plant propagation success rate. Also, knowing the plant and the species’ preferred technique and conditions will maximize good results.

Successful water propagation requires the following environmental conditions:

Light Humidity And Temperature Levels

Most vegetative propagation specimens require right and light to boost photosynthesis. This triggers the plant’s need for roots as water suppliers, and the plant will develop them in their absence. Limit light to 12 hours in a 24-hour cycle.

High humidity prevents plant material from drying out, but excessive humidity levels allow pathogens to develop.

There needs to be a temperature difference between the growing medium and ambient temperatures, with the latter being warmer.

The rooting media temperature should be between 75° and 80°F (24 – 27°C) for optimum results.

Alternative Propagation Media to Water

Water is effective in propagating houseplants using leaves, stem tips, tips of branches, and stem sections.

Sand, Vermiculite, And Bark

Sand has an acidic pH and offers efficient water drainage and aeration. To guarantee healthy root development, cuttings should have an environment with a pH of no more than 6.5.

Vermiculite holds water well, has a neutral pH, and provides good water drainage and aeration.

Bark has an acidic pH and very good drainage and aeration. You can use these components singly or in combination, and their benefit is that they provide a pathogen-free, bright, moist environment for roots to grow.

Due to their propensity to be heavy and poorly aerated, compost and garden soil used as potting soil are not the greatest materials to propagate houseplants because they are likely to carry diseases and weed seeds.

Vegetative Propagation Methods

Cuttings can be made using stem or leaf cutting, and this method is the most common and considered the easiest way to propagate plant material.

Leaf cutting And Tip Cuttings

  • Begin by taking cuttings of the actively growing stem, branch tips, or whole leaves.
  • Cut a piece 3 to 6 inches long with at least two nodes for tips.
  • Remove leaves on the lower half 2 of the tip and place them in a glass of water.
  • For leaves, leave no more than a half-inch of the petiole (the slender stem or stalk that supports the leaf cutting) and treat it in the same manner as the tip.
  • Dipping the end of the tip or leaf cutting in a rooting hormone before placing it in the water will speed up the development of new roots.
  • Be careful not to use too much hormone: only a little is needed, and using an excessive amount will slow root development.
  • To use the hormone, dip the cut piece in it and gently tap off any excess. Place the cutting in a warm location with high humidity and bright light.

Stem Cuttings

  • Cut a two- to a three-inch portion of the stem with at least two nodes visible.
  • Attach the stem to the grass rim so that it stands vertically in the water with at least one node buried in the media
  • Dipping the end of the tip or leaf cutting in a rooting hormone before placing it in the water will speed up the development of new roots.
  • Be careful not to use too much hormone: only a little is needed, and using an excessive amount will slow root development.
  • To use the hormone, dip the cut piece in it and gently tap off any excess. Place the cutting in a warm location with high humidity and bright light.

Types of Stem Cuttings for Propagation

Herbaceous, softwood, semi-hardwood, and hardwood cuttings are the primary categories of stem cuttings and plant propagation. These phrases describe the stock plant’s growth stage, one of the key elements affecting whether cuttings form roots.

Herbaceous cuttings 

From the parent plant, a 3- to 5-inch (7.5 to 13cm) portion of the stem is removed. After removing the leaves from the lower third to half of the stem, the cutting is inserted into the rooting media. A significant portion of the cuttings soon takes root.

Softwood cuttings 

Softwood cuttings are made from woody plants’ tender, succulent new growth just before they start to harden (mature).

When shoots can be bent easily and have a range of leaf sizes, they are appropriate for making softwood cuttings.

This stage often appears for woody plants in May, June, or July. Due to their fragility, the soft shoots require special attention to prevent drying out. They quickly root, so the extra effort is worthwhile, making it easy to propagate plants.

Semi-hardwood

Typically, semi-hardwood cuttings are made from partially mature wood from the most recent growing season, right after a flush of growth.

This kind of cutting is often done from mid-July through the beginning of the fall.

The leaves are mature in size, and the wood is fairly firm.

This is a popular technique for propagating broadleaf evergreen shrubs and certain conifers.

Hardwood cuttings 

The best times to take hardwood cuttings from the mother plant or mature, dormant stems are late fall, winter, or early spring.

Plants are generally completely dormant and show no signs of active development, and the wood is solid and resists bending.

Although they can be used for many evergreens, hardwood cuttings are most frequently employed for deciduous shrubs.

The most popular stem cutting is a straight cut, and a small piece of aged wood is added at the base of the heel cutting.

45 House Plants That Can Be Water Propagated

Below is a list of 45 plants that can be water propagated and their preferred propagation techniques for plant propagation.

#Common NameScientific NamePropagate By
1Aluminum PlantPilea cadiereiStem
2Amazon BlueAchetaria azureaStem
3American Rubber PlantPeperomia obtusifolia Leaf, Stem
4Angel’s TrumpetBrugmansiaStem
5Baby JadeCrassula ovataLeaf, Stem
6Cape JasmineGardenia jasminoides ‘Jubilation.’ Stem
7CarnationDianthusStem
8Chinese EvergreenAglaonema commutatumStem
9ColeusColeus scutellarioidesStem
10CopperleafAcalyphaLeaf, Stem
11Desert RoseAdeniumStem
12Dwarf Umbrella TreeHeptapleurum arboricolaStem
13English IvyHedera helixStem
14ExoticaDieffenbachia amoenaStem
15Fiddle Leaf FigFicus lyrataLeaf
16FirecrackerHylotelephiem ‘firecracker’Stem
17FushciaFuchsia x hybridaStem
18Hurricane PlantMonstera deliciosaStem
19Inch PlantTradescantia zebrinaStem
20Italian ClematisClematis viticellaStem
21Jewel PlantFittonia albivenisStem
22Lipstick PlantAeschynanthus humilisLeaf, Stem
23Lucky BambooDracaena sanderianaStem
24Maple Leaf BegoniaBegonia cleopatraeLeaf, Stem
25Mexican RosettesEcheveriaLeaf
26Meyer LemonCitrus x Limon ‘Meyer’Stem
27Orchid CactusEpiphyllum (Disocactus)Stem
28Parlor MapleAbutilon x hybridumStem
29Peace LilySpathiphyllumStem
30Polka Dot PlantHypoestes phyllostachyaStem
31PothosEpipremnum aureumStem
32Purple Passion VineGynura aurantiacaStem
33Silver DollarCrassula arborescensLeaf, Stem
34Snake PlantDracaena trifasciataStem
35SnowdropGalanthus nivalisStem
36String of BananasCurio radicansStem
37String Of HeartsCeropegia linearis subsp. woodiiStrem
38String Of NickelsDischidia nummulariaStem
39String of PearlsCurio rowleyanusStem
40String of StarsEuphorbia guiengolaStem
41String Of WatermelonsCurio HerreianusStem
42Sweetheart PlantPhilodendron hederaceumStem
43Tail FlowerAnthurium scherzerianumStem
44Tree HouseleekAeoniumLeaf, Stem
45Wax PlantHoya linearisStem

1. Aluminum Plant (Pilea cadierei)

The Aluminum Plant, also known as the watermelon pilea,  is a herbaceous houseplant that can be water propagated from cuttings from a mother plant.

It is a tropical plant that can be grown indoors in a warm, humid environment in bright indirect light – avoid full sun.

2. Amazon Blue (Achetaria azurea)  

The Amazon Blue is a houseplant that can be water propagated using a cutting from the stem.

This sub-tropical perennial blooms almost all year and produces awesome-cut flowers.

It blooms from mid-summer through autumn when cultivated annually and is a wonderful enhancement for a terrarium.

Plant propagation is achieved by placing stem cuttings in room temperature water.

3. American Rubber Plant (Peperomia obtusifolia)

This tropical evergreen herbaceous shrub is erect and bushy and grows up to two feet tall. 

The popular American Rubber Plant is another houseplant that can be water propagated either using its glossy leaf cuttings or from a stem cutting.

4. Angel’s Trumpet (Brugmansia)

Angel’s Trumpet doesn’t like tap water but needs water that has sat in a bucket for at least 24 hours to let any chemicals evaporate.

If you see significant wilting, pale foliage, or your plant seems stressed or unhappy, try less sun. 

Angel’s Trumpet can be water propagated from a stem cutting.

5. Baby Jade (Crassula ovata)

The Jade plant is a subtropical broadleaf evergreen succulent and a popular houseplant.

Ovata refers to the egg-shaped leaves, and Crassula ovata is a popular houseplant that can be water propagated using leaf cuttings or stem-cutting.

Jade plants, like coleus plants, throw new roots quickly but should not be left in direct sunlight when small.

6. Cape Jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides ‘Jubilation’)

The Cape Jasmine is a patented houseplant that can be water propagated from a stem cutting.

It prefers partial or bright indirect sunlight as its leaves may bronze in the full sun and become scorched.

7. Carnation (Dianthus)

Dianthus should be planted in full sun but can tolerate some shade.

To avoid root rot and fungal diseases, well-drained soil and good air circulation are necessary.  

Dianthus will grow in different soil types, preferring neutral to slightly alkaline soil, but can tolerate some acidity. 

8. Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema commutatum)

Another houseplant that can be water-propagated via stem-cuttings is the Chinese Evergreen.

Once propagated, place the plant in diffuse sun or good indirect light.

Keep the potting mix moist from spring to fall and reduce watering during the winter. 

9. Coleus (Coleus scutellarioides)

This plant tolerates full or partial shade but thrives in moist, rich, loose soil.

Full sun may cause plants to wilt, and leggy growth may result from complete shadow.

If desired, pinching the stem tips can make the plant bushier.

Cuttings of this houseplant can be easily rooted in room temperature water, increasing the number of new plants you can swap or sell.

10. Copperleaf (Acalypha)

The beautiful copper leaf can be water-propagated via leaf or stem.

Acalypha works well in containers with their inflorescence dangling from a hanging basket.

This is a low-maintenance indoor plant that’s easy to grow and propagate.

Growing plants like this are easy, but they have tiny roots when they first start.

11. Desert Rose (Adenium)

As the name indicates, this plant is native to the dry areas in sub-Saharan Africa and Saudi Arabia and is the ideal plant for drought-tolerant gardens and very sunny hot spots. 

This houseplant can be water-propagated from a stem cutting of a mother plant.

12. Dwarf Umbrella Tree (Heptapleurum arboricola)

This tropical plant can grow indoors and may reach about 5 feet high and wide in a container. It should be placed in a southern, western, or eastern exposure with filtered light.

This houseplant can be propagated in water from a stem cutting.

13. English Ivy (Hedera helix)

There’s no doubt about this plant’s ability to propagate itself.

As a semi-invasive species, cuttings taken from the adult part of the plant develop into a shrub form and quickly spread. They are easy to propagate from the existing plant.

14. Exotica (Dieffenbachia amoena)

It is simple to water-propagate this lovely variegated houseplant from a stem cutting.

Provide it with high humidity, indirect light, and loose, fertile soil high in organic matter.

To avoid rot, water the plant thoroughly and then wait until the top inch of soil is fully dry before watering it again.

15. Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)

Not quite as easy to grow as a rubber plant is, the fiddleleaf is easy to propagate using water and the plant’s leaf.

The plant prefers medium light, dry soil, an RH above 50%, and temperatures above 55°F (~13°C).

16. Firecracker (Hylotelephiem ‘firecracker’)

Another patented branching succulent that is great as a houseplant can be water propagated from a stem cutting in summer.

This succulent prefers full sun but tolerates light to partial shade in hot summer climates.

Plant your H. ‘Firecracker’ in an area with six hours of sunlight daily.

17. Fushcia (Fuchsia x hybrida)

Because these plants are hybrids, their children grown from seeds won’t have their parent’s characteristics.

It can be kept as a houseplant but requires strong light, a cooler environment, and high humidity.

Use a stem cutting to water propagate this houseplant.

18. Hurricane Plant (Monstera deliciosa)

This beautiful houseplant can be propagated via layering or cuttings.  

It prefers high humidity, light brightness, but not direct sunshine, and an average temperature of 60 to 85 °F (~16 – 30°C).

Darker green cultivars won’t need as much sunlight as variegated ones.

Like all Monstera, they are very easy to propagate from a leaf node.

19. Inch Plant (Tradescantia zebrina)

The Inch Plant does best in filtered sun, average room temperatures, and moist but well-drained soil.  

Like all plants, reduce watering in the winter. Plants can be pruned back hard every spring, and these cuttings can be used for propagation by simply placing them in fresh potting soil or using water propagation methods.

20. Italian Clematis (Clematis viticella)

The Italian Clematis is a houseplant that can be water-propagated from stem cuttings.

Plant in full sun, but give the roots some shelter. Italian clematis blooms on fresh wood; therefore, in the early spring, severely trim it back to a height of around one foot.

21. Jewel Plant (Fittonia albivenis)

This tropical plant is frequently grown inside, where it does best in bright to moderate light, neutral to cold ambient temperature, and moderate humidity.

Propagation can be done in water propagation using leaf cuttings or stem cuttings.

22. Lipstick Plant (Aeschynanthus humilis)

The Lipstick Plant is an epiphyte that in nature lives in damp forests.

When grown indoors, use well-draining soil and water with tepid water.

The plant thrives under artificial light and enjoys warmth and humidity.

23. Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana)

This popular Feng Shui plant can be water-propagated from stem cuttings.

It thrives indoors under filtered light and prefers water without chlorine and a little liquid fertilizer.

The lucky bamboo should use water propagation from stem cuttings.

24. Maple Leaf Begonia (Begonia cleopatrae)

All the Begonia houseplants can be water-propagated using their leaves or stem cuttings.

The medium-growing, low-maintenance maple leaf begonia can mature to a size of up to 2 feet by 2 feet.

This plant is easy to propagate. making it perfect for new growers

25. Mexican Rosettes (Echeveria)

This popular succulent houseplant can be water-propagated using its leaves.

These beginner-friendly houseplants are easy to care for and grow best in bright light and well-drained soil with a little organic matter.

26. Meyer Lemon (Citrus x limon ‘Meyer’)

Reviewing all the houseplants that can be water propagated, I included this woody tree in the Rutaceae (citrus) family.

Keep in a bright area indoors; south-facing windows will let in the most light.

Hand-pollinate flowers and keep fertilizing the plant every three months to grow fruit indoors.

27. Orchid Cactus (Disocactus ackermannii)

This friend from Mexico is an epiphyte houseplant using stem cuttings that can be water propagation methods.

Unlike other cacti, the Disocactus needs water, and flowing only happens when the plant has had its tenth birthday when it is large enough.

28. Parlor Maple (Abutilon x hybridum)

The parlor maple can be grown as a houseplant after being propagated from seed or stem cuttings.

New plant stems should be pinched to promote a more robust growth pattern.

It will consistently bloom throughout the growing season with colorful, spectacular bell-shaped flowers that are large and showy.

29. Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)

The “Peace Lily” thrives indoors in damp but not waterlogged soil.

Between waterings, the soil should be allowed to dry out.

Use water that has been allowed to sit at room temperature so the chlorine can evaporate. This houseplant should use water propagation from stem cuttings to create baby plants.

30. Polka Dot Plant (Hypoestes phyllostachya)

This beautiful plant, also known as the freckled face, is another one of the houseplants that can be water-propagated from stem cuttings.

Foliage and variegation can be green and white or pink and green.

This plant needs a minimum of two hours of sunlight daily and can withstand full sun. But don’t put a new plant in direct sunlight.

31. Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)

Growing plants like Pothos is a fairly simple houseplant to cultivate that prefers medium light but not direct sunshine.

Even in low light, it can endure for extended periods. In between waterings, let the well-drained potting soil dry out.

New plants can be created easily with stem cuttings and water propagation and then placed into fresh soil. It is such an easy to propagate plant from a leaf node. It is great to have many free plants to swap.

32. Purple Passion Vine (Gynura aurantiaca)

This Asteraceae family herbaceous evergreen is a popular indoor plant that can be propagated by placing stem cuttings in water.

It is known for its peculiar velvety purple leaves and stems and looks best when placed in a hanging basket.

33. Silver Dollar (Crassula arborescens)

This popular succulent houseplant can be water-propagated using a leaf or stem cutting.

Simple to cultivate in clay pots with several drainage holes and potting soil suitable for cacti and succulents.

Place in light to moderate shade. To avoid the roots rotting, avoid overwatering. but place into damp soil.

34. Snake Plant (Dracaena trifasciata)

The Snake Plant can handle very low light; place it in a spot where it will only receive direct sunshine for 2 to 6 hours of the day.

To avoid root rot, it is essential to have well-drained soil and water plants.

Allow the soil to dry between spring and fall waterings and only water every one to two months in winter.

The snake plant does well with leaf cuttings to make new plants. Making them ideal for new plant parents.

35. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)

If you own a spider plant, you can take cuttings very easily. The Spider plant puts pups that can be potted into their pots and then removed later.

A spider plant will push out many new plants or baby plants. These new plants are best to be put into fresh soil.

Your spider plant will put out many plants and, if left, will produce roots while still attached to the mother plant, making them easy to propagate. They love damp soil but not saturated.

36. String of Bananas (Curio radicans)

Curio radicans can be grown from seeds or cuttings.

Seeds need warm temperatures or using seed warmer and constant moisture to germinate.

Take cuttings during the spring and summer to create new plants. be mindful that they have a very fine root system but deserve a place in your houseplant collection.

37. String Of Hearts (Ceropegia linearis subsp. woodii)

During warm weather, Ceropegias benefit from water and a little fertilizer, while some watering care is needed for the more challenging species.

It is ideal for water propagation and produces roots quickly making them easy to propagate.

38. String Of Nickels (Dischidia nummularia)

Before watering the plant, let the soil become completely dry.

They cannot tolerate soggy media because they are accustomed to simply receiving moisture from dew and the air.

39. String of Pearls (Curio rowleyanus)

The String of Pearls has unusual, spherical, fleshy leaves resembling a pearl, bead, or marble.

The leaf’s rounded shape also minimizes the surface area exposed to the desert air, minimizing moisture or water loss.

40. String of Stars (Euphorbia guiengola)

The uncommon sprawling deciduous succulent has branched stems, little green leaves, and numerous white blooms with a crimson center and loses all of its leaves in the winter while still blooming.

Stem cuttings work well when raising new plants.

41. String Of Watermelons (Curio Herreianus)

This popular succulent houseplant can be water propagated from stems.  

Keep Curio plants in partial shade if outdoors, which is their preference in summer, and bright sunlight if indoors.

They will grow in full shade but will become lank and leggy.

42. Sweetheart Plant (Philodendron hederaceum)

The sweetheart plant prefers medium light but will tolerate low light. It prefers average indoor air temperatures and can tolerate dry air, although it prefers medium relative humidity and moist soil. 

43. Tail Flower (Anthurium scherzerianum)

More blooms can be produced using fertilizer high in phosphorus and removing old, wasted blooms.

Indoor plants should routinely have their leaves cleaned of dust.

44. Tree Houseleek (Aeonium)

Bring the pots inside when it is colder than 40 °F outside. Maintain a temperature above 50 °F for them.

Just enough water should be applied to prevent the leaves from shriveling.

Remind yourself that they enjoy the sun and keep them in a well-lit area. This plant is also extremely easy to propagate and likes damp soil.

45. Wax Plant (Hoya linearis)

The Hoya genus is part of the Asclepiadaceae family, a family of plants that consists of 320 genera totaling more than 2000 species. The family, also known as the Milkweed family, is instrumental in ensuring the future of the Monarch Butterfly.

Hoya linearis is a pendent epiphytic succulent with soft, thin grayish-green stems that bear linear, hairy, dark-green leaves that are up to 2 inches (5 cm) long and have a deep groove on the underside.

It bears loose umbels of 10 to 13 fragrant pure white flowers resembling stars and has yellowish-white coronas with pink undertones. The umbels can reach a diameter of 1.5 inches (3.7 cm).

Summary of Indoor Plants That Can be Propagated in Water

You can increase the number of plants in your home quickly and affordably by propagating them, either by seed propagation (sexual) or using vegetative propagation techniques (asexual).

Vegetative propagation, which uses the parent plant’s stem, root, leaf, bud, or node to create a new plant, produces a direct replica of the parent plant. Vegetative propagation also typically results in faster plant multiplication.

There are so many house plants that do well with cuttings we couldn’t possibly cover them all. Plants like spider plants. ZZ Plant, air plant, and others are perfect for cuttings;

The ZZ plant is good because it has chunky stems that hold a lot of water. This prevents the ZZ plant from drying out. Making ZZ plants perfect for making many new plants can be created.

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