Cats are living creatures that need to be taken good care of their owners. It is the responsibility of the pet owner to ensure a cat lives in a safe and healthy environment. However, there are house plants that we keep that pose significant health challenges to cats due to their toxicity.
What houseplants are toxic to cats? The following list is just some that might shock you. Read on for 46 plants that may be poisoning your cats!
- Aloe Vera
- Elephant Ear
- Jade Plant
- Spider Plants
- Christmas Rose
When your cat gets ill you may wonder why they got sick in the first place, you may not even consider it is your plants causing the issue, so proper supervision should be considered at all times. When some plants are safe for human beings, it is not always evident that they are safe for cats when consumed.
Keeping a cat in your house will see you sacrifice some things for its safety and wellbeing, and that may include some houseplants. Below is a list of houseplants that should be kept away from your cat.
Within this article, I have included plants that may be grown in the garden but used as cut flowers in the house too. I wanted to provide you with a resource that would give you the information of plants harmful to your cats in the house. So let’s get on and see what 46 plants you should consider carefully if you have cats. Plus I provide you with 10 alternatives that are safe for your cats.
Aloe Plant (Aloe barbadensis miller)
The plant is very common in many homes. It is a succulent, and its leaves are used to soothe numerous ailments, one of them being sunburns. In addition, this plant is also known as Aloe Vera, Barbados Aloe, and Medicine plant.
Although the plant is considered medicinal for humans, when consumed by a cat, it may cause severe vomiting and pass reddish-coloured urine and as well one may notice mild stomach upset.
Asparagus Ferns (Asparagus aethiopicus)
This is a popular indoor plant liked by many people since it is easy to take care of and for the fact that it needs little water and sunlight to grow. However, Asparagus Ferns contains a toxic steroidal agent, which makes the plant highly poisonous when eaten by cats.
Its berries are equally toxic as the plant posing the same dangers as the plant when consumed by a cat. If your cat eats this plant it is always advisable to contact the veterinary so that instant treatment takes place. Consider taking the plant also for faster medication to avoid further illness
Asparagus Ferns is also known as Sprengeri Fern. If a cat consumes this plant or its berries, it may suffer diarrhoea, vomiting, skin inflammation, and abdominal pain.
Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans)
They are well known to people. This plant is green and its leaves are variant. The corn plant is also known with other names like Dragon Tree, Cornstalk Plant Dracaena, and Ribbon Plant. Corn Plant has a chemical called saponin that poses a danger to cats when it’s consumed. Cats that eat this plant may experience a loss of appetite, dilated pupils severe vomiting as well as depression.
Dumb Maye (Dieffenbachia seguine)
Dumb Maye has green broad multi-hued leaves. It carries a poisonous chemical that is toxic to cats once it chews or bites it. A cat that ingests this plant may have difficulty in swallowing, increased salivation, vomiting, and oral irritation.
Elephant Ear (Colocasia)
As the name of this plant suggests, it resembles the ears of an elephant. Its leaves are broad and very green. Elephant Ear bears other names like Taro, Pai, Caladium, Ape, Via Sori, and Malanga. Consequently, if a cat consumes this plant, it may suffer oral irritation, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, and increased salivation.
Fiddle Leaf (Ficus lyrata)
This plant is easy to grow, and for this reason, it is ideal for a house plant, although it contains a toxic chemical that is harmful to cats. It is also commonly referred to as Panda Plant, Red Princess, Split-Leaf Philodendron, Saddle Leaf, Heartleaf Philodendron, Cordatum, among many other names.
A cat that feeds on this plant may experience mouth irritation, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing. Once your cat has chewed this plant it is advisable to contact the veterinary so that immediate treatment takes place.
Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)
The Jade plant has very beautiful petals that are eye-catching but prove to be poisonous to cats when consumed. Jade plant is also known as Chinese Rubber Plant, Japanese Rubber Plant, Friendship Tree, Baby Jade, Dwarf Rubber Plant, and Jade Tree.
It is advisable for you to take the cat instantly to the vet if you suspect the cat has ingested it because its poisoning is fatal if no treatment given. To test if a cat has consumed the plant vets consider using urine or blood before treatment and later give schedules to monitor the healing process.
Lilies are of many types, but unfortunately, almost all of them are poisonous to cats.
A cat that ingests a lily may suffer loss in appetite, lethargy, and even severe vomiting. If your cat eats this plant it is always advisable to contact the veterinary so that instant treatment takes place. With lilies, treatment can be sped up if you take the plant to the vet with you. This will allow them to know which variety of lily you have
In addition to this, failure to have the cat treated may lead to kidney failure and eventually the death of your cat.
Silk Pothos (Scindapsus pictus)
This house plant usually is hung high because of its beautiful drooping vine-like stalks. Silk Pothos are easy to take care of and naturally very appealing. But the dangling stalks and leaves of this plant are attractive to cats to play with. However, when ingested by cats, it may suffer from difficulty swallowing and vomiting.
Sowbread (Cyclamen purpurascens)
Sowbread is known with another name which is Cyclamen. This plant produces beautiful flowers and is commonly housed indoors despite the fact that every part of it poisonous to cats.
If a cat eat either it’s petals or leaves this will result in diarrhoea, vomiting, and an increase in saliva production. Moreover, the consumption of its tubers results in seizures, heart rhythm problems, and even death in cats.
Cycas revoluta (Japanese sago palm)
This plant is also referred to as Sago Palm. It is a house plant that is popularly known for its tropical feel that it brings in a home. The whole of this plant poses a danger to a cat, and if it consumes it vomiting, diarrhoea and liver failure are likely to result as well as death.
Spider Plants (Chlorophytum comosum)
Some people believe that spider plants are nonpoisonous to cats, but they can make them a little bit ill. A cat that ingests spider plant leaves may suffer from vomiting diarrhoea and stomach upset. This plant contains natural compounds that give the cat harmless mild hallucinations when consumed.
Christmas Rose (Helleborus niger)
Although some roses are edible, the Christmas Rose is dangerous to your cat at home. It is commonly known for its white flowers that are beautiful to look at, although it poses dangers to a cat when consumed, such as drooling, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, colic, and depression.
Everlasting Pea (Lathyrus latifolius)
This plant is commonly known and loved because of its showy flowers. Its flowers take the shape of a pearl, and its tendrils help it to attach to surfaces. It spreads vegetatively and sometimes by reseeding itself. It bears several names like Sweet Pea and Perennial Pea. Consumption of this plant by the cat leads to pacing, head pressing, tremors, seizures, lethargy, weakness, and sometimes death.
Kiss me quick (Portulaca pilosa)
Kiss-me-quick is a succulent plant with linear leaves and pink flowers. This plant, which is also known as Pink Purslane, Lady-of -the-night, Today, Tomorrow, and Yesterday, has a lot of minerals and vitamins that make it useful to humans despite being toxic to cats.
Ingestion of this plant by cats causes tremors, diarrhoea, vomiting hypersalivation, lethargy, coughing, and incoordination.
Indian Hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)
Also referred to as Marijuana and Hashish. Indian Hemp is characterized by small leaves that are green and white flowers. When it is beautiful to plant it in the house, Indian Hemp threatens the health of cats in a home if eaten. Cats show signs of low blood pressure, low body temperature, seizure, dilated pupils, depression, incoordination, sleepiness, hypersalivation, and excitation upon consumption of this plant.
Mistletoe (Viscum album)
The common name for this plant is American Mistletoe. This is a parasitic plant whose death is determined by the host only. The only way to control this plant is by removing its host. This plant usually can be seen attacking apple trees in the wild.
In addition to this plant being a parasite, it deforms the branches of the host and reduces its ability to produce. Moreover, it is toxic to cats and makes them hallucinate, vomit, diarrhoea, and experience gastrointestinal abnormalities when ingested.
Nephthytis (Syngonium podophyllum)
This plant is also known as Arrow-Head Vine. This plant loves a humid environment. Its leaves are broad and green too. A cat will show signs of excessive drooling, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing after ingestion of this plant.
Flamingo Flower (Anthurium)
This plant bears other names such as the painter’s pallet. The Flamingo flower plant has orange flowers and grows to an acceptable height making it suitable for a house plant.
However, these plants need a lot of care and may not suit somebody without experience on how to take care of them. When the cat’s skin comes into contact with this plant, it experiences irritation.
Desert Azalea (Adenium obesum)
This plant, which is also known as Desert Rose. The plant does not thrive in cold temperatures and therefore suits being kept in the house in a pot. It is advisable to prune it before it blooms so as to maximize on flowers produced.
It is colourful and eye-catching. Ordinarily, this plant can be grown from seeds or stems cuttings of dried stems. However, a cat that consumes this plant may vomit, contract diarrhoea, suffer from depression, irregular heartbeat, anorexia, or even die.
Dahlia (Dahlia pinnata)
Dahlia is grown from tubers that do well in well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight. This plant produces very bright coloured flowers that are very beautiful and many people grow them for cut flowers to place in the home.
The tubers of these plants are the ones used to grow new plants, obviously in a favourable environment. Unfortunately, this plant can cause mild dermatitis and gastrointestinal problems when consumed by a cat.
Other names that people use to refer to Daffodil are Narcissus, Jonquil, and Paper White. The flowers of this plant are mostly white or yellow and sometimes orange or pink, which is in rare cases.
The petals and corona of Daffodil are either contrasting to the flowers or similar. Although Narcissus are beautiful to look at when fed on by cats, they may cause vomiting, salivation, and diarrhoea
Florida Beauty (Dracaena surculose)
This plant is also called Gold Dust Dracaena, as well as Spotted Dracaena. It is a hardy slow-growing plant with shiny leaves. The leaves have yellow spots and later develop white spots as the plant matures.
Also, the Florida beauty plant has stems that resemble those of the bamboo tree. However, a cat that ingests this plant may suffer from difficulty in breathing vomiting, depression, incoordination, and also it feels weak.
Coleus (Plectranthus scutellarioides)
In other names, Coleus is also known as Country Borage, among many more. This plant is evergreen all year round, and its foliage is broad and brightly coloured.
Coleus thrives well in bright indirect light from the sun. When exposed to direct sunlight, its leave becomes less coloured. Coleus is poisonous when consumed by cats, and they may show symptoms like vomiting, diarrhoea, depression, and anorexia.
Baby’s Breath (Gypsophila)
Baby’s Breath is also referred to as Maidens Breath. This plant is a soupy flowering border and also a bedding plant that is covered by loosely attached tiny white flowers.
There are two varieties of Maidens Breath; Annual and perennial. The perennial type will bloom year after year; nevertheless, the annual type is seasonal and dies after mid-summer. A cat that consumes this plant may experience diarrhoea and vomiting.
Branching Ivy (Hedera helix)
Other names that people use to refer to this plant are English Ivy, Glacier Ivy, as well as California Ivy. This plant is popularly known for its ability to climb on surfaces with the help of small roots that grow across the stems. Ones your cat has chewed this plant it is always advisable to contact the veterinary so that immediate treatment takes place.
Since the care of this plant is easy, you can grow it at a further distance without stressing much about how to take care of it. However, watering regularly when the plants are younger is wise since they do well in moist soil. If the English Ivy is eaten by the cat, symptoms such as vomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, and diarrhoea may be observed.
Bird of Paradise Flower (Strelitzia)
This plant is commonly known as Crane Flower or Bird’s Tongue flower. Its vegetation looks similar to small banana leaves. Its leaves are evergreen, shiny, thick, and waxy, a feature that makes this plant very appealing to human beings. The Bird’s Tongue Flower is known for its beautiful far-flung flowers.
In addition to this, its flowers also resemble a colourful soaring bird. Due to its flowers outstanding beauty, it is one of the most flowers favoured by designers. This plant is also a symbol of paradise. If fruits or seeds of this plant are ingested by cats, they may show symptoms like drowsiness, vomiting, and nausea.
Ceriman (Monstera deliciosa)
People know this plant in other names like Mexican Breadfruit. This is an evergreen plant with thick waxy leaves. It grows very large with its beautiful white flowers. This plant is toxic to cats, and when consumed, they show symptoms of irritation of the mouth, drooling, vomiting, and difficulty in swallowing. Once your cat has chewed this plant it is always advisable to contact the veterinary so that immediate treatment takes place.
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus)
It is popularly known as Pinks, Wild Carnation as well as Sweet William. The petals of the Carnation plant vary in color from purple to pink to white. They are bisexual flowers that bloom in a branched manner. The leaves of the Carnation plant vary from grey-blue to green to purple. Sweet William is exotic to Eurasia and blooms even after a long time of being cut.
Its flowers are a symbol of a mother’s love and mother’s day as well. Despite Carnations being beautiful and used as a symbol for a mother’s love if consumed by cats, they may cause mild dermatitis and mild gastrointestinal signs.
Cardboard Palm (Zamia furfuracea)
Its common names include Cycads and Zamias. Like a palm tree, Zamias also have pinnate leaves, but they are rounded. Zamias grow low on the ground and have thick bulky stems. Also, its leaves are evergreen, with its leaflets growing in pairs of twelve per stem.
For this plant to grow well, it needs enough moisture to keep it healthy. Zamia does well in moderate to bright light in a pot with good drainage. Zamia is toxic to cats, and when consumed, it may cause increased thirst, vomiting, melena, icterus, bruising, coagulopathy, as well as liver failure and eventually death.
Clivia Lily (Clivia miniata)
Commonly known as Cape Clivia, Caffre Lily, and Kaffir Lily. This plant has beautiful orange flowers and has become very popular with gardeners across the world. This South African plant does well in a frozen free environment.
When growing it in the house, you need to water your pot regularly and wait for it to blossom. The warm coastal climate also favours the growth of Clivia. Cats that feed on this plant may experience convulsions, low blood pressure, diarrhoea, and even tremors. The most toxic part of this plant is the bulbs.
Yucca (Yucca brevifolia)
Growing this plant indoor adds to the beauty of your house and provides a focal point in a room. When growing this plant indoors, it is advised to place it under the shade and protect it from direct sunlight for fantastic leaf colour.
Yucca plant in a pot can also grow outside in the sun but will end up with browning or white tips on the leaves. Yucca plant does not need a lot of water for its maintenance. Cats feeding on this plant may show symptoms like vomiting and diarrhoea.
Tulips make at the top of the list of the most popular flowers in the world. In petals of six, this plant blossoms to showy beautiful flowers. Tulips are believed to have first been cultivated in the Ottoman Empire in Europe.
The majority of Tulips are cultivated and exported in Holland. Tulips are a symbol of dreaminess, imagination, and love. However, the bulbs of Tulips are poisonous, and if eaten by cats, they may vomit, get depressed, suffer hypersalivation, and even diarrhoea.
Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Most of these plants are grown for the benefit of their flowers. Primrose is low is a perennial herb that is low growing in nature. However, some Primrose are biennials but a few in number. Its leaves are closer together and maybe narrow or roundish. Some types of this plant, like the Evening Primrose, are grown for their seeds that contain omega-6. If a cat feeds on this plant, it may experience mild vomiting.
Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
Among the many known holiday flower, Poinsettia is one of them. For this plant to grow, it needs sufficient sunlight, warmth and water. Over the years, Poinsettia is said to be poisonous to both human beings and cats.
If cats come across this plant, they may develop symptoms like mouth irritation and sometimes vomiting. Nevertheless, the toxins in this plant are over-rated, and it is not as poisonous as people perceive it to be according to recent research.
This plant is grown for its beauty. Its flowers are bell-shaped, and they are usually color purple but can also be found in pink, cream yellow, white or rose. In addition to this, it is good to note that every part of this plant is toxic.
If consumed by a cat, it may lead to shock, hypotension, collapsing or even going into a coma. Due to the high toxicity of this plant, it is advisable to seek veterinary treatment for your cat in case of ingestion this plant.
Peace Lilies (Spathiphyllum)
The beauty of this plant is undisputed. Its leaves are shiny and dark green. Peace Lily does well when given consistent moisture and indirect sunlight. It adapts to any environment quickly, making it ideal for a houseplant and for the fact that it is generally a low maintenance plant.
If Peace Lilies are ingested by cats, the risk of vomiting, salivation, diarrhoea, and convulsions may occur.
Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina)
This plant is elegant and has leaves that are slender and arch beautifully from its light grey trunk. Its shiny dark leaves, which are dense, tend to shed if the plant is stressed. It grows in tropical and subtropical climates as well as indoors to add beauty and life to a room.
Consequently, weeping fig is kept in the house for its ability to purify the air in the room. It does well in soil that is rich and fast-draining but rarely does it flower indoors. However, if a weeping tree is ingested by cat’s it can cause oral irritation, lack of appetite, vomiting, excessive drooling, pawing at the mouth may be seen.
Oleander (Nerium oleander)
Oleander is also commonly known as Rose Bay. It does well in humid cold kind of temperature. For many years it has been used as a decorative plant mostly in places of warm climate.
Every part of the Oleander plant is poisonous if consumed by the cat. A cat that has eaten Oleander may show symptoms like a failure of the heart muscles to function properly, cardiac arrhythmias as well as rhythm disturbances.
Hosta (plantain lilies)
It is commonly known as Plantain Lily and Funkia. The foliage of this plant is easy to care for a feature that makes it more common to gardeners. Hosta thrives in soil that has good drainage.
This plant fits well in a range of places, some people grow them in pots to give the house a tropical theme. Taking care of this plant is easy as well. Nonetheless, this plant is toxic to cats and may cause vomiting, diarrhoea, and depression if ingested.
Garden Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis)
Garden Hyacinth is grown all over regions with temperate climate because of its fragrant flowers that bloom early in the season. The leaves of this plant are strap in shape and also very wide, and they are produced in a basal whorl.
In addition, this plant is pollinated by insects of many kind honey bees being one of them. If cats consume Garden Hyacinth, they may suffer from vomiting, diarrhoea, dermatitis, and even allergic reactions. Moreover, bulbs in this plant have the most toxins there being the most poisonous.
Chinese Jade (Crassula ovata)
In other names, this plant is known as Silver Jade Plant and Silver Dollar. The Silver Dollar plant is believed by many people to be a symbol of good luck. It is widely grown by gardeners because its care and maintenance are very minimal.
Essential things to consider when growing the Chinese Jade in your house are water, light, temperature, and fertilizer. However, if you notice your Chinese Jade is losing leaves or has spots on its leaves, it is time to properly water it since that is a sign of lack of moisture. A cat that has consumed this plant may show signs like nausea and retching.
Gladiola (sword lily)
Gladiola plant does well in sunny places with light soil. Usually cut for flowers in the house, but these are not the most poisonous part if the plant. The most poisonous parts of this plant are the bulbs. This plant is toxic to cats, and if consumed, it may cause salivation, vomiting, drooling, lethargy, and diarrhoea.
Pencil Cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli)
Although Pencil cactus looks attractive, it worth noting that the plant is not only toxic to cats but also dogs at home. The plant contains irritant sap, and if one decides to plant it at home should be careful unless they do not have cats. In addition, the sap is also an irritant to people, so it is not recommended for the average grower for use at home.
The Begonia is a commonly found houseplant in most households. This because the begonia can tolerate the particular low-light conditions in your home. A variety from the family name Begoniaceae, they come in a variety of leaf colours and shapes and begonias do well without direct light.
The Begonia plants, however, contain soluble calcium oxalates which are very toxic to housecats. It may lead to vomiting and salivation and in extreme cases, kidney failure.
Dracaena does not refer to one particular species of a houseplant. It is a genus which includes very attractive houseplants which are popular in several houses. Names such as Corn Plant, Cornstalk Plant, Dragon Tree, Ribbon plant and are all common names used for plants under this genus.
The varying species of these genus contains unknown steroidal saponins which may be dangerous to housecats. These saponins may cause drooling, vomiting, weakness, a lack of coordination and dilated pupils when ingested.
Plants safe to keep when you have cats.
While you may want to have some of the plants listed above, you should also try to make your cats safe. It’s best to consider other plants which may do well to beautify your home and make you and your cat happy. Some of them include:
African Violet (Saintpaulia)
Native to East Africa, these are grown better indoors. They have leaves which are inedible, as well as non-toxic.
Parlour palm (Chamaedorea elegans)
Hearing the word “palm” might make you think of a sunny, calm climate, but the parlour palm has been prized for a long time for its resilience to indoor conditions.
Prayer Plant (Maranta leuconeura)
This is a Brazilian rainforest plant that thrives in high humidity and bright, indirect sunlight.
Baby Rubber Plant (Peperomia obtusifolia)
Though the rubber plant (Ficus elastic) might be poisonous, however, the baby rubber plants are non-toxic and can serve as adequate substitutes in a home.
Boston Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)
Some fern varieties produce toxins which are harmful, especially for felines. Boston ferns are safer varieties of ferns for a home that has cats.
Swedish Ivy (Plectranthus verticillatus)
A perfect plant for hanging baskets, its preference includes moisture and indirect light.
Haworthia zebra (Haworthia attenuata)
If you’re an individual who can never remember to water plants, then this Lil’ zebra is a perfect option. This is because it’s used to desert conditions.
Peperomia green (Piperaceae Giseke)
A plant that is basically immortal, the peperomia can be easily propagated by cutting off its leaves and it also completely regenerates after it is completely dead.
Bamboo palm (Dypsis lutescens)
A bamboo palm adds tropical vibes to your home if that is what you love and all this without that much effort. All that is needed is to water it a few times a week.
Baby Tears (Soleirolia Soleirolii)
This plant is both child-safe and pet-safe. The baby tears is the plant for you, especially with its beautiful white flowers, and the fact that it is the perfect non-toxic plant for a home.
How to keep your cats safe from these plants?
With the huge list above you would be forgiven for thinking that you want to rid your house of all plants to keep your cats safe. However, there are ways in which to keep your cats safe and still have the plants. Some of those include:
- Keep plants cats will not chew on
- Use a pebble mulch
- Consider sacrificial plants
- Move plants to a safer location
- Hanging plants to keep cats away
- Spray plants with a cat deterrent
- Ensure your cat has toys to occupy itself
Keep plants cats will not chew on
There are many plants that cats do not like to eat, these include heavily scented plants like rosemary, and spiky plants like cactus, these plants are ideal to keep around cats.
Use a pebble mulch
Cats play with plant pots and soil when looking for new litter trays. The soil is natural to them and is perfect for covering up any mess the cat makes. Adding large pebbles as a mulch to the tops of your pots will help to distract the cats from the soil below
Consider sacrificial plants
Why not consider using sacrificial plants? These are plants that cats really like to eat. You could place these in a more accessible place for the cats to chew on. Consider plants like catnip and lemon balm for these.
Move plants to a safer location
Although cats climb around the house, you could place your plants in safer locations around the house. high shelving may be out of the cats jumping distance or even in high windowsills that are blocked for cat access.
Hanging plants to keep cats away
Even better than just moving your plants, consider hanging them from the ceiling or having a dedicated stand to hang them from. this will keep the cats away from your plants completely.
Spray plants with a cat deterrent
There are many cat deterrents on the market, these work by making the plants smell unfavourable to the cats and therefore they are left alone. Products such as the following can be used all with great effects.
- Cat mace repellent. Available on Amazon
- Cat Guard pro Available on Amazon
- Bitter Lemon Spray Available on Amazon
Ensure your cat has toys to occupy itself
With such an array of cat toys on the market, there really shouldn’t be a need for your cat to want to chew your plants. Its the owner’s responsibility to provide adequate attention style toys for your cats to play with. Consider hanging toys and toys that smell like things cats love
In summary, toxicity may vary depending on the amount of plant ingested or the type of plants, as discussed above. It is advisable if you want to buy plants for the home, you should first research whether they are toxic to cats to avoid wasting your money on poisonous plants.
As discussed, many plants are toxic to cats, of which we should also engage with vets just in case we see some of the symptoms like swelling, redness, itchiness of eyes, mouth, or the skin. Other symptoms may include vomiting, diarrhoea excessive urinating and difficulty in breathing.
If treatment is delayed ingestion may be deadly, while some plants may require a special diet to the cats. To avoid all these, we should remove such toxic plants away from home and keep the cat indoors with special supervision.
However, I do not want to put you off growing these plants at home. Maybe get rid of your cat instead. ONLY JOKING! but in all seriousness, consider the plants you are growing and the location they are within the home.
I hope you enjoyed this blog post about what houseplants are toxic to cats. I trust it answered your question fully. If this was of interest to you, why not consider checking out some of my other blog posts and subscribing to the blog so you don’t miss future content.
You can do this in the right-hand sidebar and its totally FREE to subscribe. Happy gardening
Remember folks; You Reap What You Sow!