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It is no surprise that many people face started using greywater for their gardens. But most of these gardeners wonder if this water even good for their fruits and vegetables.
Greywater is indeed good for your vegetables. But if you misused this water, it can cause more harm than good when given to edible plants like vegetables and crop plants. The misusing of water stated in this context does not mean its usage but rather its collection and treatment process.
In short, to get all the benefits greywater can provide, one has to be aware of the way to collect it. But even that is not enough. You have to collect the right type of water and then filter it. The filtration can make this greywater gold, not only for your plants but for your wallet.
What is Greywater & How to Collect It
Before you can learn all the benefits of using greywater for your plants, let us start with what it is and how to collect it.
Well, to put it simply, greywater is the water that comes from the kitchen, bathroom, and laundry.
Understand greywater for black water, which is another water type that can come from residential areas, for they are completely different.
Greywater and Black water, the difference
Blackwater is the water that comes out of the toilet, which is harmful when used to water plants due to its particles. It may be used when properly filtered, but with proper equipment, that may be expensive.
Aside from that specific water, all the water utilized by the house is greywater. It might contain dirt, grease, other household products, hair, etc. Bathwater especially can be a good source of greywater as the skin cells in the water further boost the soil’s health.
So, how can you use this water and repurpose it? The process is simple, and anyone can do it at home, and it will be covered in the next section.
Manual Greywater Collection
You can collect water from the laundry, bathroom, and kitchen. The greywater systems can work completely automatically to entirely manual.
Manual greywater system collection definitely costs less than the automatic system, as the latter needs specific equipment to do the filtration process.
This is a great option for people who have a tight budget. All you will need is a bucket and a jug and collect the water manually from your sources. Then you can use it for irrigation right away, specifically within 24 hours, to prevent bacterial growth in the water.
Simple Piping and filtering system
Now, this second option strictly involves laundry water. Because the piping system here is simple, you can only collect water from one area of your house.
Simple piping water system is best for irrigating non edible plants
This system is beneficial if the plants you are mainly looking to irrigate are nonedible and don’t come in potted form, for example, the lawns and plants in the hardier garden.
Bathwater, dishwashing water, and most especially washing machine water are the water types best for the simple piping and filtration system.
Washing machine water can be hooked into a DIY filtering system for this process, later hooked to the outside irrigation systems. The process of making this filtering system is rather easy with inexpensive materials, and to aid you with building this, you can check this recent article of mine on saving water while using washing up water that extensively covers the benefits of using greywater and the process of making said filter system.
Benefits to using the simple piping water system
But the good point is that the whole system is automatic. So, if you get grossed out easily, then this is a good option for you.
The laundry is piped to the landscape, and the water is transported there automatically, making the irrigation process easier. Even though the system is not as simple as the manual one, it requires low maintenance. All you have to do is make sure that the pipes are not clogged and water flow is consistent.
Complex Sewage & Piping System
This third option is quite expensive. It requires an integrated Sewage and piping system where all the greywater is directly collected in one place.
The materials may be expensive, and the building process will most likely need professional help to pull off, with possible numerous maintenance checks.
The complex sewage and piping system usually connects the laundry, kitchen, and bathroom to a container, wherein the collected greywater should be used within 24 hours of collection.
Many systems also connect the greywater piping to the toilet to repurpose the greywater for flushing purposes.
Greywater Treatment for plants and vegetables
Most of the grey water collected from the laundry and kitchen has less debris. This one, especially bathwater and dishwashing, can directly water non-potted plants and crop or vegetable plants.
Why it is important to treat greywater for vegetable plants watering usage
However due to the still present chemical products, this water is harmful to vegetables if you use it untreated.
This is why treating the greywater is important because, without the proper treatment, the vegetable will be inedible and dangerous to eat due to possible chemical build-up.
Treating of greywater for vegetable plants – the process
The water treatment process starts with the cleaning out of the solid debris from the water. For example, any food particle or hair removes from the water.
Then the decontamination happens by using chlorine. This step ensures that so the bacteria are dead.
Due to the use of chemical products, the greywater night has high amounts of certain ingredients, and this issue is solved by neutralizing the water by using different types of salts.
After that process, the water is safe to use for all types of vegetables and fruits. But you have to maintain the filter to ensure it works properly every day. For this, we recommend cleaning the filter from the inside once a week. Stirring the water in the container is also important so no debris can sit at the bottom of the container.
Benefits of Using Greywater for watering your plants and vegetables
There are several benefits of Using Greywater for your plants, your wallet, and the environment. So let’s look at what benefits you get after installing a greywater system at home.
Nutrients are present in grey water
The greywater collected from the kitchen usually has more nutrients. It contains different roles of numerals and vitamins. These nutrients are reused when the waste is repurposed, which makes the vegetables healthier than before.
Using greywater is cost-effective
Yes, installing a whole greywater system in the house might be expensive. The idea is that the process costs $4000 on average. But keep in mind that this is a one-time cost, especially when done right.
You can use the same piping system repeatedly for many years to come, meaning that you will be using less freshwater.
This is one great reason why many people have reduced their water bills after using greywater for irrigation.
Utilizing greywater promotes energy efficiency
If you are using greywater, it means the consumption of freshwater would go down, which results in less energy consumption.
Freshwater comes to the house using the pumps, which consume high wattage energy to put in our house systems. But when the house switches to greywater, there is no need for extra irrigation water. And this way you can save the electricity used on the pump.
Fresh Water Conservation can be done by using greywater
It is an obvious fact that if you are reusing the wastewater, it will reduce freshwater consumption. Doing this not only saves water but saves the planet. Saving this water will help other people who are really in need of freshwater.
Lesser Water Wastage can be done by utilizing greywater
We never think about where the wastewater goes after we use it.
An average American toilet uses 6 gallons of water for one flush.
This amount is insane of we think how many people do not have drinking water available. By reusing the wastewater, we can reduce water wastage and save water resources.
Lesser Carbon Footprints can be done by using greywater
Our planet is already at a critical stage. The animal species are dying, and we are running out of battery resources. At this time, all of us need to think about the big picture.
Using greywater is an overall good idea as it reduces the carbon footprints. Lesser freshwater consumption, reduction in electricity usage, and little to no water wastage. This is the step that can lead us to a better future.
Conclusion on using greywater on your vegetables
In this article, greywater can be extremely useful during droughts and water shortage, where freshwater should be used on more important tasks or for drinking rather than watering plants. However, knowing if the water is good or not for your vegetables is extremely important because small mistakes can create many problems.
This is why it is recommended for everyone to do their research if they feel the need to on greywater usage, possible filtering and storing of said water that works for your household, and possible considerations it has for your home garden.
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